In partnership with French engineering company ADP Ingénierie (ADPI), Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) has completed the expansive Beijing Daxing International Airport (PKX). The new star-shaped hub is the second airport in the Chinese capital, measuring in at a sprawling 700,000 square meters across its six flowing forms.
ZHA and ADPI constructed the terminal in line with traditional Chinese architecture principles, which aim to connect separate spaces with a central courtyard area. The layout is also intended to help make travel more efficient for passengers; the press release indicates that it takes less than 8 minutes to walk to any boarding gate. Additionally, the radial design invites in natural light, which enters the building through several windows and linear skylights.
PKX is officially open now and expects to service 45 million passengers in its first year alone; that sum is expected to swell to 72 million travelers by 2025. Eventually, the structure will be expanded further and gain the space to accommodate up to 100 million passengers.
Elsewhere for Zaha Hadid Architects, the firm recently premiered the cube-shaped Opus building in Dubai.
View this post on Instagram
The new Beijing Daxing International Airport is 46km south of the city centre (20 mins by express train). . Alleviating congestion at the capital’s existing airport, Beijing Daxing will be a major transport hub for the region with the world’s fastest growing demand for international travel. . Initially serving 45 million passengers per year, Beijing Daxing will accommodate 72 million travellers by 2025 and is planned for further expansion to serve 100 million passengers and 4 million tonnes of cargo annually. . Beijing Daxing’s 700,000m² passenger terminal includes a ground transportation centre offering direct connections to Beijing, the national high-speed rail network and local train services. . Echoing principles within traditional Chinese architecture that organise interconnected spaces around a central courtyard, the design guides all passengers seamlessly through the relevant departure, arrival or transfer zones towards the courtyard at its centre. . 6 flowing forms within the terminal’s vaulted roof reach to the ground to support the structure and bring natural light within, directing all passengers towards the central court. A network of linear skylights also provide an intuitive system of navigation throughout the building, guiding passengers to and from their departure gates. . The compact radial design allows a maximum number of aircraft to be parked directly at the terminal with minimum distances from the centre of the building, providing exceptional convenience for passengers and flexibility in operations. . 5 aircraft piers radiate from the terminal’s main central court where all passenger services & amenities are located, enabling passengers to walk the comparatively short distances through the airport without the need for automated shuttle trains. . Incorporating photovoltaic power generation, centralised heating with waste heat recovery and a composite ground-source heat pump system, the airport implements rainwater collection and a water management network with natural storage, natural permeation and natural purification of up to 2.8 million cubic meters of water in new wetlands, lakes and streams. . Great video by #DanChung .