Ok this will be my last post about this too, but when this type of stuff has been done by our own government I do believe certain things.
In 1950, in order to conduct a simulation of a biological warfare attack, the U.S. Navy used airplanes to spray large quantities of the bacteriaSerratia marcescens
â considered harmless at this time â over the city of San Francisco, which caused numerous citizens to contract pneumonia-like illnesses, and killed at least one person. The family of the man who was killed sued for gross negligence, but a federal judge ruled in favor of the government in 1981. Serratia
tests were continued until at least 1969.
Also in 1950, Dr. Joseph Stokes of the University of Pennsylvania
deliberately infected 200 female prisoners with viral hepatitis
From the 1950s to 1972, mentally disabled children at the Willowbrook State School
in Staten Island, New York
were intentionally infected with viral hepatitis, in research whose purpose was to help discover a vaccine
From 1963 to 1966, Saul Krugman
of New York University
promised the parents of mentally disabled children that their children would be enrolled into Willowbrook in exchange for signing a consent form for procedures that he claimed were "vaccinations." In reality, the procedures involved deliberately infecting children with viral hepatitis
them an extract made from the feces
of patients infected with the disease.
In 1952, Sloan-Kettering Institute
researcher Chester M. Southam injected live cancer cells into prisoners at the Ohio State Prison. Half of the prisoners in this NIH-sponsored study were black. Also at Sloan-Kettering, 300 healthy women were injected with live cancer cells without being told. The doctors stated that they knew at the time that it might cause cancer.
In 1955, the CIA conducted a biological warfare
experiment where they released whooping cough
bacteria from boats outside of Tampa Bay, Florida
, causing a whooping cough epidemic in the city, and killing at least 12 people.
In 1956 and 1957, several U.S. Army biological warfare experiments were conducted on the cities of Savannah, Georgia
and Avon Park, Florida
. In the experiments, Army bio-warfare researchers released millions of infected mosquitoes
on the two towns, in order to see if the insects could potentially spread yellow fever
and dengue fever
. Hundreds of residents contracted a wide array of illnesses, including fevers, respiratory problems, stillbirths, encephalitis
, and typhoid
. Army researchers pretended to be public health workers, so that they could photograph and perform medical tests on the victims. Several people died as a result of the experiments.
In 1962, twenty-two elderly patients at the Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital in Brooklyn
, New York were injected with live cancer cells by Chester M. Southam, who in 1952 had done the same to prisoners at the Ohio State Prison, in order to "discover the secret of how healthy bodies fight the invasion of malignant cells". The administration of the hospital attempted to cover the study up, but the New York State medical licensing board ultimately placed Southam on probation for one year. Two years later, the American Cancer Society
elected him as their Vice President.
In 1966, the U.S. Army released the harmless Bacillus globigii
into the tunnels of the New York subway system
as part of a field study calledA Study of the Vulnerability of Subway Passengers in New York City to Covert Attack with Biological Agents
The Chicago subway system was also subject to a similar experiment by the Army.